Core Phase – Complete!

Hello again,

At the end of last week, EZMP01 reached a pretty big milestone in the training programme; after four months in New Zealand and a further four weeks at Bournemouth, we have now completed the Core phase of the EasyJet MPL programme! This means that all of our VFR and IFR training flights are complete, and from now on any training flights will be completed in the Airbus A320 Level D Simulators (which are truly awesome) here at CTC Nursling. I’ll explain a bit more about the beginning of our Basic Phase later but first, I need to fill you in on how we ended our time in New Zealand!

The final weeks of our NZ adventure

Despite not writing a big update for a couple of months, I have put out a couple of videos showcasing our VFR solo navigation flights and, more recently, our IFR training flights which I hope you enjoyed. One of them has even been shown at the Farnborough airshow which is pretty overwhelming (if you haven’t seen them yet, they can be found here). When I last spoke to you, we had started our IFR phase in New Zealand a little later than planned as a result of our VFR phase overrunning slightly due to weather.  Although we had no serious delays, with our departure date looming it was decided that it would be best for us to complete a ‘flyaway’ to ensure we got the flights completed on time. The plan was to take three Cessnas (each with one instructor and three cadets) to Napier Airport where we would then complete the remaining five training flights whilst flying to a number of new destinations. We were absolutely overwhelmed by the prospect, so when it was confirmed we were obviously thrilled! We were soon assigned an instructor in groups of three and had the weekend to plan our flights (which included completing all flight logs, mass and balance, fuel and oil requirements) before arriving at the training centre very early on Monday morning with our luggage. CTC were fantastic and provided us with money to cover living expenses and taxis, and they booked us into a very nice motel in Napier.

Passing Mt Taranaki
Two of the aircraft parked at Napier after a hard days work

We loaded up our aircraft, ZK-ZAQ, and I flew the first leg from Hamilton to Napier via Rotorua before my instructor and coursemate flew the plane back to pick up our final crew member. The days were pretty long (especially for the instructors) and consisted of each of us having one or two flights as well as back seating others. This was fantastic, as it gave us the chance to see not only more of the incredible landscapes, but more importantly a number of new procedures and IFR techniques that we had not previously seen. Despite the long days, every evening we made time to go out and have a meal in Napier; one restaurant, called the Thirsty Whale, was a particular favourite! There were so many highlights over the four days, in particular flying the ILS approach and landing at Wellington along with A320s and 737s, and flying to the South Island and seeing the huge mountain ranges. When we returned to Hamilton on the fourth day it was all rather bittersweet because, although we were overwhelmed with what we had accomplished, it meant that our time in New Zealand had sadly come to an end. There were no more training flights for us to complete and so all that was left to do was to complete the sign out process, which included getting our logbooks signed and photocopied, and clean our rooms at Clearways. However, as a group we decided that we needed to finish off our time in NZ on a real high, so our course spent the weekend in Auckland watching England play the All Blacks at Eden Park, follwed by a well earnt night out afterwards! I’m not a big follower of Rugby, but the atmosphere at Eden Park was electric – it was a great match to watch and, even though the result wasn’t ideal for us, it is something I won’t be forgetting in a hurry. We then had four days to complete our sign-out process and finish packing before being shuttled to the airport on Thursday afternoon for our return flights to the UK. This time, we flew on the Emirates A380 all the way – first to Brisbane and then onto Dubai before making the final hop to London. New Zealand was, as you’ve guessed by my blabbering, incredible. It will remain an unforgettable adventure and, although I’m glad to be back in the UK, I will definitely miss NZ and cannot wait to go back! Huge thank you to all of the staff at CTC NZ!!

This sunrise was incredible!

Back to Bournemouth

Our course were then scheduled for ten days leave which I spent at home catching up with family and friends before moving down to start the short four week phase at Bournemouth. The Bournemouth phase consisted of three upset recovery flights (which we completed in the the ‘Bulldog’ and the Diamond DA40), one DA42 simulator flight followed by an MEP familiarisation flight and three IFR route flights. It was a pretty relaxed phase with the aim of giving us an understanding and appreciation for flying in UK airspace, and more importantly for multi-engine aircraft control. Despite this, we of course gave the phase our maximum effort as we were required to learn a number of new skills such as asymmetric flight (one engine out). Bournemouth has a fleet of Twinstars that we used for our multi-engine training, and it’s safe to say that we all enjoyed the increased performance over the Cessna 172! DA42 Twinstars are powerful twin engined aircraft which are ideal for training due to their reliability and handling characteristics. As I briefly mentioned above, one of the new things we had to learn was the engine failure procedure which involves the instructor simulating an engine shutdown at a phase of flight (most notably after takeoff), leaving us to control and contain the resulting situation. As with any moment of flight, critical or not, control is the main goal. You have to control the aircraft, which in this case is made all the more difficult due to the huge yaw moment created from the failed engine. Once this is under control, you then simulate a full shut down of the affected engine and begin to look at performance, in particular feathering the propeller on the affected engine to reduce the drag. Of course, a vital component is of the whole procedure is to voice which engine has failed!! Not doing this has proved fatal: the pilots of British Midland Flight 92 incorrectly identified the malfunctioning powerplant on their Boeing 737-400, and subsequently shut down the working engine resulting in them crashing short of the runway and narrowly missing a busy motorway.

The DA42 Twinstar
Upset recovery was done in the Bulldog, as well as the Diamond DA40

The main aim of the phase was to take a look at asymmetric flight, but also for us to complete upset recovery training. This type of training has come to the forefront of ab-initio courses ever since the crash of Air France 447 back in 2009. The three flights built upon the unusual attitude training incorporated into many of the training flights in New Zealand, and looked specifically at how to recover from stalls, spiral dives and other unusual attitudes. All of this was backed up by the issue of a training manual which explains the principles of flight surrounding the stall and, crucially, the correct recovery process for a modern jet airliner. Aside from this, the other main goal was for us to get more practice at flying IFR routes in UK airspace so that we have some level of experience when we start with easyJet (in addition to the many IFR flights we flew in New Zealand of course). My last training flight was arguably the most enjoyable; a two hour route to Exeter and back, including two ILS  approaches (Instrument Landing System – a type of precision approach), engine failures after takeoff and in the cruise, as well as something called an ‘SRA’ approach. This is where the tower controller actually talks you down to the runway, giving you commands such as ‘turn left xx degrees’ and telling you the altitude you should be at when passing a specific DME distance from the runway.

Whilst living in Bournemouth, we also got the chance to see some of the local attractions (in particular the beach) whilst being spoilt with four weeks of almost wall to wall sunshine and, on our final weekend before starting the basic phase, we visited the Farnborough Airshow which was brilliant as usual.

When the big fan stops spinning, the pilots get hot!! 😉
Alasdair flying the ILS approach at Bournemouth

 The Basic Phase begins

Before long however, it was time to pack up and move house for the final time. The format changes from now on, as we are grouped into threes throughout this phase which not only gives us a huge amount of time in the simulator for each lesson, but also enables us to work on our multi-crew cooperation from day one. So, first things first, what is this basic phase? Basically, the MPL course is split into four sections: Core, Basic, Intermediate and Advanced. The core phase is the longest and consists of our ground school and VFR/IFR flight training. The basic and intermediate phases take place in the Airbus A320 simulator at CTC, and this is where the MPL really gets into its stride! The advanced phase includes a brief period at CTC followed by our move into EasyJet to begin base and line training.

The basic phase consists of a number of ground school days and a total of twenty nine training flights. We started last week with three days of introductory ground training which covered a number of subject areas found within our EasyJet trainee manual, which we have been each been issued along with wall posters of the A320 flight deck to help us practice our instrument scans and checklists at home. The training manual is our ‘bible’ for the basic phase, and contains all of our initial easyJet standard operating procedures and checklists, aircraft handling notes, lesson guides and system overviews. It really has become apparent just how airline orientated the MPL is, as even by the second day of ground school we were in one of CTCs ‘virtual flight deck’ trainers running through the start-up and various SOPs (standard operating procedures) and by day six, we all had our first Airbus A320 simulator lessons – by far one of the most exciting parts of the course to date and for all of us.

Inside the simulator – the Airbus A320 flight deck

I cannot explain how fantastic it is to be in the simulator at last! Above is a picture of the flight deck of one of CTCs A320 simulators which we will be using for this phase: it is an exact replication of the real A320, and is one of the earlier simulators that was built by Airbus themselves. Although older than the other simulators CTC owns, the handling characteristcs on this sim are apparently the best and, thanks to the recently updated visuals, the simulator is just as high tech as its younger counterpart. As you can see in the picture above, the aircraft is very well designed and although they may look complicated to operate, the various systems are all very well laid out and intuitive to use. Each pilot has a PFD, or Primary Flight Display, showing important aircraft parameters like speed, altitude, vertical speed and attitude and an ND, or Navigation Display, which shows information on the route, nearby airports, nav-aids, and of course heading information. The two screens in middle consist of a display showing vital engine parameters and an ECAM screen which shows different messages and system parameters throughout the various stages of flight.

Practicing checks on the ‘digi-bombers’

On the first day, my crew had an early start, with a 4:30am report time at the training centre for a ninety minute brief which was followed by the four hour simulator slot. The times aren’t always that brutal, but they exist for good reason as it gets us used to the times we’ll often have to get up for at EasyJet! The lessons are run in a  way that allows us all to get a lot of exposure to the aircraft and to the multi crew environment, as we each fly 1.3 hours as ‘Pilot Flying’, 1.3 hours as ‘Pilot Monitoring’ and 1.3 hours of ‘Pilot Observing’. As I write this, we have all had two simulator lessons and already we are able to follow the EasyJet SOPs, checklists and various memory items to get the Airbus started from it’s ‘cold and dark’ state right through to taxi, takeoff and cruise. In particular, the lessons have looked at taxiing, takeoff, general handling and approach and landing. We have also had a look at the A320s numerous safety features including a rather clever one called ‘Alpha Floor’ which, in essence, makes the aircraft near impossible to stall. If you have power at idle, and insist on pulling up the nose to an ever increasing pitch attitude, the airplane will force the nose down before reaching the critical angle of attack where the aircraft will stall. Even then, if you still fight against it, it will simply set maximum thrust to stop the aircraft stalling! Away from all of it’s incredible features though, the fact remains is that the A320 is just another aircraft and behaves, for the most part, as you would expect. The fly by wire controls and huge amounts of power took some getting used to, but it handles beautifully and although I obviously have no other jet experience to compare it to, it is proving a real joy to fly.

One interesting thing to note is that during the  basic phase of an MPL course, cadets are not actually required to train in aircraft that their specific airline operates. However, with CTC putting us straight into the A320 it allows us to complete the basic phase whilst learning about the actual aircraft we will be flying using the actual SOPs and procedures we will be using at EasyJet. Although not essential, we view this as a huge positive to the course as it means that we should become very confident with the aircraft and this will enable to hit the ground running when we get to the more complex Intermediate Phase.

Building works under way for a new training suite and another A320 full motion simulator!

So, that’s about it from me. It’s sure to be another exciting few weeks as we get further and further into the basic phase and more confident at operating the A320 as a multi-crew. We also have three flights in the 737 coming up which carry on from our three upset recovery flights at Bournemouth and aim to teach us the same thing in a passenger aircraft. I’ll be uploading new pictures, and a fourth flight training video very soon. Once again, thank you for reading the blog and watching my videos.

Over and Out!

Time flies…

It’s pretty unbelievable how fast the past few weeks have gone. Next week will be the sixth week of groundschool for CP110/EZMPL01 and, with only Air Law and VFR/IFR communications left to cover, the work is piling up fast!  We are no longer the newest CP either, with CP111 (including EZMPL02, the second intake of easyJet MPL cadets) already at the end of week two.

The simulator hall
The simulator hall

So, groundschool….

Over the past few years, I have been told about the work involved with ATPL groundschool, but it still hasn’t prepared me for the amount of work we have to get through! We have already finished Aircraft General Knowledge, Instrumentation, Principles of Flight and Meteorology which may not look like much, but there is a LOT of theory contained within those four subjects. We have four or five days worth of lessons per week, with scheduled CBT (Computer Based Training) days which allow us to review what we have been taught, read through our CBT, complete progress tests and go through questions on the online question bank. We are the first CP using a new system called PadPilot, whereby our 14 ATPL theory books are all in the format of interactive iBooks on the iPad. It’s huge leap forward from the traditional pile of printed books, and allows us to take our work with us anywhere.

Out of the four subjects we have covered so far, I would say that Aircraft General Knowledge has been the one I have found the most interesting. The subject is broad, and is split up into Systems, Engines and Electrics which each cover a huge amount including hydraulic systems, fire protection, pneumatics, AC and DC electrics, gas turbines, propellers, piston engines……..I could go on! It’s nice to finally know more about how aircraft work, and just what is involved in keeping them in the air! For me, Principles of Flight has been the most challenging subject so far simply due to the number of graphs and formulas it involves. It really is hard work, and a lot of effort is required to stay on top of it all. Despite the sheer amount of theory, a lot of the subjects are really quite interesting and I’m not finding it too hard to sit down at my desk and study (unlike A-Level maths)….

Principles of Flight Revision

The simulators at the Nursling training centre are a great resource for those of us in the Groundschool phase, so the instructors book us in for flights in the fixed base 737 to help reinforce the theory. A few weeks ago, myself and three of my housemates had a four hour simulator session and it was a fantastic experience which not only helped to boost our motivation, but reinforced some of the theory we have been covering. I found that it helped me get to grips with the concept of stability, and allowed us to have a closer look at some of the advanced Instrumentation used on the flight deck. We each did a number of general handling exercises and did manual approaches and landings at Gatwick. We also set up and executed a CATIII fully automated landing, and had a closer look at some of the complex systems on board the 737. We were at the training centre until around 9pm, and it was a great feeling to come home after having flown a 737 into Gatwick….

The Boeing 737-700 flight deck!

Away from the 9 to 5, we have managed to fit in a few days out to help us relax and take our minds off of the theory. We have been Go-karting, had a couple of BBQs, the odd poker game and most recently, a day at the Bournemouth Airshow. I’ve never visited the airshow before, so I couldn’t get over the size of it and how many people were in attendance! The weather was perfect, and we saw a number of displays including the Red Arrows, the Blades and the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight; another great motivation boost!

The Red Arrows at Bournemouth
The crowds on the beach…

So, that’s pretty much all I have to say! We have our mock exams two weeks on Monday and final exams just two weeks after that, which is a scary thought at the moment! It may be a few weeks until my next update but in the meantime, if you have any questions then you can contact me by clicking on the email icon on the left side of the screen.

Back to work I go….. speak soon!